Swamp coolers combine the natural cooling power of water with a constant breeze to lower indoor temperatures. These coolers can be used to cool the entire house or as an addition to existing air conditioning systems. Evaporative coolers increase humidity, while A/C units reduce it. They shouldn’t be used in tandem.
What Is An Evaporative Cooler?
Both “swamp cooler”, and “evaporative cool” can be interchangeable. These units reduce indoor temperatures by using evaporated water. These units combine the cooling effects of evaporating and efficient air movement systems.
Coolers include a fan and a water tank. The motor moves dry air through an internal filter pad that is wet. It is then quickly cooled and circulated in the room. The breeze is freshened by opening nearby windows.
Many people ask if evaporative coolers are effective. Yes. Evaporative coolers need dry, hot air to function properly, so they work best in warm, dry climates. They are most common in the Southwest states of the US like Arizona and New Mexico. The cooler should be completely drained and disconnected during winter.
Evaporative coolers add moisture to the water-filled pads. The pads work as a filter and remove allergens and dust from the air. These pads are very energy-efficient, which makes them an eco-friendly option for many homes. It is an excellent way to maintain indoor air quality and coolness, especially when the windows are open. If they aren’t properly maintained and cleaned, an unpleasant odor may develop. This problem can be avoided by changing the pads at least twice per season.
A good evaporative cooler will provide many benefits over air conditioning.
- Lower installation and maintenance fees
- Electricity consumption can be reduced by up to 75 percent
- This prevents wood and fabrics from drying out.
- It can be powered from a standard 120-volt outlet.
- No ozone-damaging refrigerants.
Evaporative coolers can be more difficult to control than air conditioners. They use 3 1/2 to 10 gallons per hour and are a good option for areas with a limited water supply.
Different Types Of Evaporative Coolers
The location and type of pads used by evaporative coolers can be distinguished.
Most whole-house, air evaporative coolers are installed on the roof. Some blow air down, while others blow air up through the walls or windows. Evaporative coolers are portable and can be moved around as needed.
Both the window and down-draft evaporative coolers bring cooled air into the home. This is useful for smaller homes or via existing or special-installed ductwork in larger houses.
Below is a breakdown of swamp cooler sizing.
- Portable Coolers
- A small area cooler.
- Small spaces up to 300 square feet can be cooled ft.
- Portable air coolers that are light and have constant water flow control are the best.
- Window/Through-the-Wall Coolers
- Indoor evaporative coolers.
- It can cool one room or a whole garage.
- Down Discharge Coolers
- Outdoor evaporative coolers.
- Mounted on the roof.
- Cool air is emitted downwards into the structure.
- Side Discharge Coolers
- Whole-house cooler
- Usually installed on the side or roof of a building and directed into the attic.
- An elbow can be used to direct airflow through the roof opening.